Tundra

By Andrew
The Arctic Tundra is one of the youngest biome in the world.
It is also one of two of the types of tundras in the world. As
you know this one is the Arctic Tundra. The Arctic Tundra
is also located in Alaska, Greenland, and the northern
parts of Canada, Russia, and Europe. The other Tundra is
the Alpine Tundra located in high mountains all over the world.
During the summer the sun shies on the Arctic Tundra for twenty
four hours each day. People call that part that of the world the
The Land of The Midnight Sun. The tundra also had a terrific find
of an extinct animal called the woolly mammoth.

picture of the tundra
picture of the tundra


tundra map
tundra map

biome map
The Arctic Fox is one of the most cunning and smart animals in the Arctic Tundra. It hides in the snow with it's pitch white fur and waits for its prey to turn around and then it strikes behind without notice. The arctic fox also lives in small burrows in the ground or in collapsed boulders that form a small cave. The Arctic fox also will follow behind in an arctic polar bears tracks in stealth and afterwards will feed on the bears leftovers.
Arctic Fox
Arctic Fox
The Arctic wolf usually stays and attacks in a clan or pack. The Arctic wolf is a swift and devious hunter and really doesn't attack alone. If ever alone the Arctic wolf never attacks a full grown musk ox or caribou because it is to powerful. It only would attack a full grown musk ox or caribou in a clan or pack. (FUN FACT) As soon as the arctic pups are born they are deaf and blind and rely on their mother who relies on her mate for food needed for her pups.
Arctic Wolf
Arctic Wolf

The polar bear is the world's largest carnivore and can weigh as much as 1300 pounds. The polar bear has very thick blubber and fur to insulate it against the cold. To help keep it from losing too much heat the polar bear has a short tail and small ears. The polar bear is at a very high risk of extinction.
polar_bear.jpg
picture of a arctic polar bear
The lemming is a small mouse like creature that lives in the arctic tundra. The lemming's fur is brown in the summer and white in the winter. The white fur helps it to hide from predators like the snowy owl. In the winter they dig shallow burrows under the snow to keep out of the coldest weather.
lemming1.jpg
lemming


ARTIC_FOODCHAIN
Arctic Tundra food chain


Tufted Saxifrage is a small plant that grows in thick mats on the tundra. There are many varieties of saxifrage in the wild. Saxifrages like cool weather. The Tufted saxifrage grows on the rocky slopes and crevices of the tundra. It can be found from Alaska to the Cascade and Olympic Mountains and northwestern Oregon.
tufted_saxifrage.jpg
tufted saxixfrage
The Bearberry is a low growing evergreen plant. They bloom anywhere between March and June. The fruit of the Bearberry is a red berry about 3/8" in diameter. The Bearberry gets its name because bears like to feast on these berries.
bearberry001.jpg
bearberry

The Labrador tea plant grows up straight in the southern latitudes of the tundra, but in the colder northern latitudes it will creep over the ground forming a carpet. The part used from this plant are the leaves, which were brewed for tea by Native Americans. The tea is very rich in vitamin C. The Labrador tea plant also has other naems: St. Jame's Tea, Marsh Tea, Swamp Tea, Hudson's Bay Tea.
labrador_tea.jpg
labrador tea plant

Caribou moss grows in arctic and northern regions around the world on the ground and on rocks. Although it is called caribou moss, it is actually a lichen. Lichens are two separate organisms. They are made up of fungi and algae, which live and grow together. Reindeer and Caribou feed on lichen during the coldest periods of the season.
caribou_moss.jpg
caribou moss

tundra rainfall and temperatur chart
tundra rainfall and temperatur chart

Bibliography

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Arctic-fox.jpg
Arctic fox
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/images/tundra/tundra.jpg
map of tundra
http://homepage.mac.com/wildlifeweb/mammal/arctic_wolf/arctic_wolf01.jpg
Picture of arctic wolf
www.il.mahidol.ac.th/.../ chapter1_world.htm
tufted saxifrage
http://www.geocities.com/littleflowers_2000/bearberry.jpg
bearberry
http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/image_full/international/photosvideos/photos/polar-bear-in-arctic
food chain information
http://www.scalloway.org.uk/imagajes/03.jpg
caribou moss
http://www.nps.gov/archive/lacl/graphics/procesed/lichen.jpg
labrador tea plant
http://globalwarminga.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/labrador_tea.jpg